Professor V's Teaching Cafe

Teachers and Students Collaborating Worldwide


About Fluency

Fluency is the ability to read a text accurately and quickly (National Institute for Literacy,2001).

Fluency development is essential for reading comprehension.  Fluent readers can devote energy to comprehension rather than having to focus on word decoding.

Techniques to Improve Fluency

Repeated reading and other guided oral reading procedures have clearly been shown to improve fluency and overall reading achievement.

Research shows that there is clear and substantial evidence that shows that such procedures work under a wide variety of conditions and with minimal special training or materials (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development).

Fluency Assessments

A number of informal procedures can be used in the classroom to assess fluency (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development,2000):

  •           Informal reading inventories
  •           Miscue analysis
  •           Pausing indices
  •           Running records
  •           Reading speed calculations

Informal reading inventories require students to read grade-level passages aloud and silently.

The teacher determines a reading level by calculating the proportion of words read accurately in the passage (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. 2000).

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